Comments on: Quick Tour of Useful 2.7.8 Features
I've been incredibly busy... and it took a week to get the list of changes updated on this website. The list is done now, but let me give you a quick overview of some features.
First, if you use REBOL as a server or for CGI-scripting, notice there's only one task running now:
rebol@linux:~$ rebol & rebol@ub10:~$ ps PID TTY TIME CMD 1474 pts/0 00:00:00 bash 1703 pts/0 00:00:00 rebol 1704 pts/0 00:00:00 ps
The DNS subtask is delayed now until you use DNS (which many scripts may not need.) This change makes your CGI scripts launch faster and also makes it possible to setuid the main process before the subtask forks.
There are also new functions for easier access to the OS environment. Notice that the secure level defaults to asking the user for permission:
>> set-env "prog-home" "/tmp" REBOL - Security Check: Script requests permission to access OS environment: prog-home Yes, allow all, no, or quit? (Y/A/N/Q) A >> get-env "prog-home" == "/tmp"
Of course you can allow such operations with:
secure [envr allow]
or by running with the -s option.
Notice also, the list-env function:
>> list-env == [ "ORBIT_SOCKETDIR" "/tmp/orbit-rebol" "SSH_AGENT_PID" "1327" "TERM" "xterm" "SHELL" "/bin/bash" "XDG_SE...
You can also access special OS related settings on Posix systems. For example, if you're running a server as root to obtain a listen port on 80, it's wise to setuid the process to some other account:
access-os/set 'uid 1001
Or, if you need your process id for something like building a lock file, you can get it with:
pid: access-os 'pid save join %/tmp/lock- pid pid
Brian Hawley also ported over a number of useful R3 functions. The full list is here.
For example last? mezzanine is useful:
>> list: [a b] == [a b] >> last? list == false >> remove list == [b] >> last? list == true
The various R3 Unix-like shell functions come in handy when you're working from the REBOL console:
>> cd %/usr/local == %/usr/local/ >> ls bin/ etc/ games/ include/ lib/ man/ sbin/ share/ src/
I use dt (delta-time) a lot for measuring performance:
>> dt [loop 1000000 [next "a"]] == 0:00:00.246217
Speaking of which, I've added a new speed? function, but that's the subject for a separate blog. It is preliminary, so don't yet depend on it.
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Updated 31-May-2023 - Copyright Carl Sassenrath - WWW.REBOL.COM - Edit - Blogger Source Code